What Is Pneumonia
Pneumonia – pneumonia, which often develops on the background respiratory infection, bronchitis, or independently from other pathogens (bacteria, fungi, etc.). predisposing factors are low immunity, malnutrition with vitamin deficiency, passive (active), Smoking, hypothermia, etc.
Virtually any microorganism can cause pneumonia. What exactly - depends on a number of factors. From the age of the patient, from where the pneumonia arise at home or in the hospital if the hospital in which the Department - in surgery some microbes in the treatment of others. Huge role played by the health status of the whole organism and the immune status in particular.
At the same time, pneumonia is quite rare primary. Pneumonia, usually secondary and represent a complication of another disease. All of these "other diseases" can safely be divided into two groups - acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) and everything else. The inflammation of the lungs, as a complication of conventional SARS (rhinitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, bronchitis), far more common than pneumonia in all other infections, trauma and operations. You should know some of signs that allow to suspect development of pneumonia.
- 1. Cough was the main symptom of the disease.
- 2. Deterioration after improvement or any "respiratory illness" lasting more than 7 days.
- 3. It is impossible to take a deep breath - such an attempt leads to a coughing fit.
- 4. Marked pallor of the skin on the background of other symptoms of SARS (fever, runny nose, cough).
- 5. Shortness of breath low body temperature.
- 6. At high temperature does not help, paracetamol (Panadol, efferalgan, tylenol).
The main signs of pneumonia (pneumonia) are:
- Cough. Usually the cough is accompanied by any respiratory (respiratory) disease, the child coughs more at night and in the morning. The cough is often dry, runs for 7-10 days. In pneumonia the cough is almost constant, hacking, sputum (younger children often swallow it). Could be a rusty colour the older children.
- Fast breathing when at rest respiratory rate more than age norm: - up to 2 months. is 60 or more breaths (to consider or inhale or exhale); from 2 months. up to 12 months. is 50 or more breaths; from 12 months. to 5 years – 40 or more breaths.
- The appearance of difficult, sometimes moaning breathing with obvious retraction of subcostal or supraclavicular parts of the chest. The child "includes" to facilitate breathing all the muscles of the chest.
- Bluish color around the mouth, sometimes of the face.
- Toddlers – nasal flaring.
- Temperature rise to high numbers with a fever, and sometimes sweats.
- Pain in the chest if the pneumonia goes to the pleura.
- Abdominal pain, inflammation of the lower lung (sometimes mistakenly refer to surgical care).
- Headaches, irritation of the meninges. Older children complain of pronounced pain in the chest and in the abdomen, which is caused by repeated muscle contractions in the power of persistent, painful cough. Children may be weakness, lethargy, poor appetite, sometimes refusal of food, sometimes dizziness, vomiting etc. Particular caution is required if pneumonia affects children of the first months (first year) of life. The smaller the baby, the less obvious signs: no fever, typical cough.
However, it is necessary to pay attention to the overall condition of the child, which can have the following symptoms of pneumonia:
- Severe lethargy, even immobility.
- Noticeable swelling of the nose wings with blue around the nose and lips.
- "Groaning" breathing with retractions.
This is a very dangerous signs of pneumonia and required immediate treatment in the hospital. Remember: at the first signs of pneumonia, contact your doctor, who can promptly diagnose and prescribe the right treatment pneumonia that needs to be performed strictly (not interrupting of course, even if the improved condition of the child). Pneumonia is a serious illness and can have serious complications, leading to disability and even death of the child.